A very simple FM transmitter electronic project can be designed using this circuit diagram . This FM transmitter electronic project works in FM band and it has a transmission power around 250mW ( thing that make it to work at above hundred meters ) . This FM transmitter electronic circuit is very simple and is based on some common transistors and electronic parts .
T1 transistor can be a BC107, BC171 or equivalent , and is used as an small audio preamplifier that amplify the audio signal from the microphone . Adjusting the R2 variable resistor, audio signal level from the input ( microphone ) can be adjusted until will be delivered to the T1 preamplifier (an over amplified signal applied to T1 can produce an overmodulation) . From T1 , signal is delivered to T2 which form an Hartley oscillator (frequency of this oscillator depends of C8,C9 and L1) .
The transmitter frequency oscillator works in FM band 87.5-108 MHz and can be set , adjusting C8 capacitor and L1 coil . L1 coil must have four turnings on a 0.8-1 mm cylinder support with a 6 mm diameter (space between each wire must be around 1 mm ) .Antenna used for this project can be a simple telescopic antenna or a 60-70 mm Cu wire .
This electronic project can be powered from a wide range input voltage from 9 to 12 volts Dc ( but can be used even a 18 volts DC .